Sunday, August 15, 2010

3 Common Ways to Use Groovy Closures

What is a Closure?

The concept of closures is an important part of the Groovy language. A closure resembles a function or method in many aspects of programming. For example a closure can take arguments, can have a return value, and can be executed from one or many clients. A closure is essentially a block of code that is defined and executed a later point. A closure can be assigned to a variable or remain anonymous.  You can create a closure, assign it to a variable, and then pass it around your program like any other variable.  For a more thorough explanation, see Groovy Formal Definition.

Use Groovy Closures

Closures enable the creation of creating concise, clean code when applied correctly. Although all programming problems can be solved without closures, a problem solved using closures will most likely contain less code, avoid repetition, and be more elegant.  This article will focus on some simple and common uses of closures. It is directed towards newcomers to Groovy, typically Java developers coming over to the dark side.  We will discover how closures can be used for: